Today the National Weather Service forecast is the moon will be near Earth today. I believe it will rise in the afternoon, setting off a period of very cold conditions on the Earth. This event will be followed with the next moon rise and then with a period of very cold temperatures on the Mars surface. Then it'll be a period of intense high pressure and a period of extreme low pressure on the North Pole (as the Earth and Mars orbit about the Sun). These high- and low-pressure events are called geomagnetic storms. You've probably seen these on our website a few times. In general, there will be one or two of these storms over the next couple of hours or so. These storms are very dangerous and can last anywhere between a few minutes and a few hours.
The moon will not be near Earth tonight. It will move around, but it's not quite a full circle around the Earth. The next two to three days are likely to be a little more active for the moon, particularly over the North American and European oceans. It will be about an hour and a half between the time when the moon will be in the middle of the planet and when it will start moving back toward Earth.
On the other hand, we expect that the next moonrise, if the Sun is still above the horizon tonight, will be less active. The next three or four days should also be more active for the moon. The next full moon, the full moon of March 18, should occur around mid-February, and the moon will be in the middle of it by early March.
This will be the second moonrise of the year for the Earth and the sun. It will take place on the first full moons of the year in the spring (February and May) and fall (October and December). The next moonrise will happen on the second moonrise of the year in the summer of 2013. It will come two weeks and ten days after the sun sets on the Earth on the first full moon in March or March 18. So, as of today, you'll have a very good indication as to how the month of March will look and the chances for a lunar eclipse.
So, that's all for today, folks. I hope the rest of today's forecast is as accurate as the sun is going to show me. I know I haven't been very accurate, and it's a little painful, but I have a job that requires me to report on weather on a regular basis and I do it well.
If there are any questions you'd like to raise on our weather forecast or the moon's position in relation to the Earth or other planets, feel free to leave them in the comments and we'll be happy to help.